Archive for the ‘News’ Category

Earlier this year I was privileged to speak at the North American IPv6 Task Force (NAv6TF) 2017 conference held at LinkedIn’s offices in Sunnyvale California.The NAv6TF has a long history of promoting IPv6 adoption in North America and further afield. Many well-known IPv6 names are actively involved in NAv6TF. This year, I joined a truly excellent set of  speakers from organisations such as LinkedIn, Cloudflare, Akamai, Cisco, Microsoft, NASA, ARIN, Comcast, Infoblox and T-Mobile.

My presentation described the effects that the increasing deployment of Carrier Grade NAT (CGN) is having on the legacy IPv4 Internet. CGN is causing problems for all parties from application developers, content providers, service providers, law-enforcement through to end-users. These non-trivial problems can all be mitigated or resolved through the deployment of IPv6. As a result, CGN and the degradation of the IPv4 Internet are acting as drivers for the adoption of IPv6.

You can watch a video of the session below or view the slides here.

At the conference, Kevin L. Jones from presented a very interesting talk on the status of IPv6 in NASA and the Federal government. I was delighted that he had taken the time to measure the IPv6 status of each of the organisations represented by speakers at the conference. Erion got five out of five stars!

 Erion IPv6 5 Stars

 

 


In May 2017, you have the opportunity to attend advanced IPv6 training from the world’s leading IPv6 training company.

The comprehensive Implementing and Securing IPv6  course provides you with all that you need in order to plan for, design, deploy and secure IPv6 in your network.

One of our most popular IPv6 training courses.

This is an advanced technical course that is ideal for all technologists interested in learning how to both deploy and secure IPv6. It provides all that you need to understand the issues surrounding IPv6 deployment and security and includes comprehensive practical hands-on labs to allow you to gain experience with real-world scenarios.

IPv6 training is becoming increasingly relevant in 2017 with the exponential growth in the deployment of IPv6 and the increasing deterioration of the legacy IPv4 Internet.

Deploying IPv6 not only future proofs your network but it also brings with it the opportunity for performance, functionality and operational improvements. For example, Facebook found that end users using IPv6 experience a 15% performance improvement over end users using IPv4. Also, in the long term, IPv6 is the only protocol suitable as a basis for the Internet of Things (IoT).

Furthermore, we already reaching the point where organisations are not only considering moving to IPv6-only networks but have already deployed such networks. Microsoft, Facebook, LinkedIn and Cisco are amongst those who have or are in the process of deploying IPv6-only networks.

IPv6 is very different from IPv4.

The common belief that IPv6 is IPv4 with longer addresses is wrong. IPv6 is made up of many new features and functions which are often widely and subtly different from those in IPv4. Even IPv6 addresses are significantly different from IPv4 addresses, not just in size, but in how they are structured, their types, their attributes, how many their are and how they are used. It is crucially important when deploying and securing IPv6 to move away from legacy IPv4 thinking and fully appreciate the differences from IPv4.

Course Details

Course: Implementing and Securing IPv6
Duration: 5 days
Location: Edinburgh, UK
Dates: 15th to 19th May 2017
Exercise platforms: Linux (default), Cisco IOS, Windows
Delegate Fee: £2,195.00 (GBP) + VAT if applicable

  Book Now

Erion is the world’s leading IPv6 training company. With over 19 years experience of providing IPv6 training and IPv6 consultancy services, Erion has the world’s most comprehensive portfolio of IPv6 training courses. Erion’s courses cover all aspects of IPv6 on all major operating systems and platforms.

All Erion’s IPv6 training courses are Gold certified by the IPv6 Forum. Our IPv6 security courses are also IPv6 Security certified from the IPv6 Forum.

This course will take place in our Edinburgh, UK venue which is situated in the city centre near to the world famous Edinburgh castle. There are many excellent facilities and hotels within walking distance. Edinburgh is easily reached via Edinburgh airport and by the UK rail and road network.

The training fee includes, access to excellent facilities and the provision of a complimentary breakfast, sit-down lunch and unlimited tea, coffee, biscuits and fruit throughout the day.

This course will be delivered by Erion’s chief consultant Dr David Holder.

Instructor Bio: Dr David Holder CEng FIET MIEEE

Dr Holder has over twenty-eight years’ experience in the IT industry in senior technical and management posts. He is currently the CEO and chief consultant at Erion Ltd, the world-leading IPv6 training and IPv6 consultancy company.

In his role at Erion, Dr Holder has had over nineteen years’ experience providing IPv6 consultancy to leading global organizations worldwide. He has assisted organizations to develop IPv6 strategies, enable IPv6 in their products, create IPv6 address schemas and deploy IPv6. His experience covers all major networking and operating system platforms. Clients include Alcatel Lucent, Arbor Networks, Atos Origins, Brocade, BT, Dell, Ericsson, HP, IBM, Sony and Sophos. He is the author of white papers, solution guides, books and training courses on IPv6 and related topics. Recent papers include two published by the UK telecommunications regulator Ofcom on IPv6 and CGN.

In addition to his role at Erion, Dr Holder is active in promoting IPv6 both in the UK and abroad where he is a regular speaker at IPv6 related conferences. He is the chairperson of the IPv6 Task Force Scotland, founder of the IPv6 Future Enabler conference and is a regular speaker at Global conferences on IPv6.

Dr Holder has a PhD in High-Frequency Semiconductor Physics and an Honors degree in Electronic Engineering. He is a Chartered Engineer, a Fellow of the Institute of Engineering Technology and a Member of the IEEE. He holds several industry qualifications.

Please contact us for further details.


The North American IPv6 Task Force (NAv6TF) 2017 conference is to be held at LinkedIn’s headquarters (Sunnyvale, CA) on the 26th and 27th April 2017. Details can be found here.

Erion’s chief consultancy and CEO Dr. David Holder will be speaking at the event on  CGN a Driver for IPv6 Adoption. Here is the abstract:

Abstract

The IPv4 address space is exhausted and the scarcity of addresses is leading to the deployment of techniques to preserve and better utilise currently allocated addresses. Amongst these techniques, Carrier Grade NAT (CGN) is one which service providers are increasingly deploying in their access networks.

The long-term solution to address exhaustion is IPv6 with its enormous address space. However, the existing and widespread deployment of IPv4 networks and systems make it necessary to continue to support IPv4 into the near future.

The deployment of CGN is not without its challenges. CGN in the data path affects all players; end users, application developers, service providers, carriers and content providers. CGNs can impact banking applications, internet advertising, internet analytics, legal Intercept, computer forensics, privacy, voice and messaging applications, games consoles applications, AJAX applications and much more.

This presentation reviews the implications of CGN, how it affects all parties, the actions that can mitigate CGN issues and why the increasing deployment of CGN is an important driver for the adoption of IPv6

Bio: Dr David Holder CEng FIET MIEEE

Dr Holder has over twenty-eight years’ experience in the IT industry in senior technical and management posts. He is currently the CEO and chief consultant at Erion Ltd, the world-leading IPv6 training and IPv6 consultancy company.

In his role at Erion, Dr Holder has had over nineteen years’ experience providing IPv6 consultancy to leading global organizations worldwide. He has assisted organizations to develop IPv6 strategies, enable IPv6 in their products, create IPv6 address schemas and deploy IPv6. His experience covers all major networking and operating system platforms.  Clients include Alcatel Lucent, Arbor Networks, Atos Origins, Brocade, BT, Dell, Ericsson, HP, IBM, Sony and Sophos.  He is the author of white papers, solution guides, books and training courses on IPv6 and related topics. Recent papers include two published by the UK telecommunications regulator Ofcom on IPv6 and CGN.

In addition to his role at Erion, Dr Holder is active in promoting IPv6 both in the UK and abroad where he is a regular speaker at IPv6 related conferences. He is the chairperson of the IPv6 Task Force Scotland, founder of the IPv6 Future Enabler conference and is a regular speaker at Global conferences on IPv6.

Dr Holder has a PhD in High-Frequency Semiconductor Physics and an Honors degree in Electronic Engineering. He is a Chartered Engineer, a Fellow of the Institute of Engineering Technology and a Member of the IEEE. He holds several industry qualifications.


Google have now joined Amazon and Microsoft in adding IPv6 support to their cloud platform. However, the service is not a native IPv6 offering. Both EC2 and Azure provide native IPv6 to VMs. In contrast, Google Cloud Platform (GCP) only supports IPv6 on load balancers.

At the moment GCP IPv6 support is an “Alpha trial”. So it remains to be seen when it will become a production service and when Google will eventually deliver a native IPv6 service on GCP.

The leading cloud providers have been slow to provide native IPv6 support. It is only recently that Amazon and Microsoft have enabled native IPv6 support in EC2 and Azure. Even so, Microsoft’s native support has limitations; address translation at the edge (NPTv6), no connectivity between VMs and an inability to add IPv6 to existing VMs.

It hoped that Google’s trial will lead to a production service fairly soon but it is unclear when Google plans to deliver a native IPv6 service.


As the world’s leading IPv6 training company, we are pleased to announced that we will be running some of our most popular IPv6 courses in Edinburgh, UK during 2017.

These include our comprehensive 5-day Implementing and Securing IPv6 course which covers all that you need to deploy and secure IPv6 in your networks.

Erion has over 19 years experience in IPv6. Over that time we have provided IPv6 consultancy and IPv6 training to leading organisations, enterprises and governments world-wide. Throughout the many IPv6 deployments and implementations that we have carried out we have consistently noticed two things; people underestimate the need for IPv6 training and IPv6 training is crucial to success.

Many assume that IPv6 is simply IPv4 with longer addresses. This is naive. Whilst the purpose and basic function of IPv6 is the same as IPv4; that is to route datagrams from a one node to another node (possibly on a different network), the features, functions, attributes and management of IPv6 are very different. Crucially, in many cases what is considered best practice in IPv4 is the opposite in IPv6. This means that staff with extensive experience of IPv4 have to have a change of mindset in order to successfully deploy IPv6.

For this reason, we have created the world’s largest portfolio of IPv6 training courses, covering all aspects if IPv6, across many different platforms and for a wide range of audiences. Continuously updated to reflect the latest standards and best practice our courses are ideally suited to ensure that you are ready to deploy IPv6 in an efficient and safe. Thereby maximising the benefit to your business.

Full details of our upcoming IPv6 training schedule can be found here. Alternatively, we can run on-site IPv6 courses for you at your premises when we can tailor the training programme to meet your exact requirements.

May 2017 Schedule

We have just scheduled courses in May 2017 for Edinburgh, UK. This includes our Implementing and Securing IPv6 course on a range of different platforms including Linux, Cisco IOS and Windows.

Full details can be found at our IPv6 training site.

Please contact us for further details.


At long last Amazon have announced native IPv6 support for EC2 instances in Amazon VPCs. This is great news for those whose IPv6 deployments have been held back by the lack of native IPv6 support in EC2.

The IPv6 service was first released in a limited deployment in the US East (Ohio) Region back in December 2016. It is now available in all regions.

In Amazon VPCs, public IPv6 address bocks are assigned to VPCs in /56 blocks. You can allocated space out of an assigned /56 block to subnets and instances.

Instances are dual stack, that is they can use both native IPv4 and native IPv6. An instance can use IPv6 addresses to communicate with other instances as well as the wider internet.

In contrast with Microsoft Azure, Amazon is not using IPv6 network address translation (NAT). Azure uses a form of Network Prefix Translation (NPTv6) on their load balancers to map between internal and external IPv6 addresses. Azure is also limited in how IPv6 addresses can be used. You cannot assigned IPv6 addresses to existing VMs, whereas in Amazon EC2 you can assign IPv6 addresses to existing instances. In addition, in Azure, you cannot use IPv6 to communicate between VMs. In EC2 you can.

This is an important move forward in the deployment of IPv6. It is to be expected that the few suppliers who continue to provide a legacy-IPv6 only service will move to deploying IPv6 in the near future.


Further proof of the rise of IPv6 and the decline of IPv4 appeared yesterday with an announcement from the Internet Architecture Board (IAB) that IPv4 is to be declared historic by the IETF. The IAB expects the IETF to stop working on IPv4 and its associated protocols in the near future. Therefore, the IAB recommends that all organisations work to develop an IPv6-only strategy.

This follows closely on a recent draft RFC that moves IPv4 to historic status (draft-howard-sunset4-v4historic-00). Protocols that are moved to historic status are no longer developed by the IETF. This includes all protocols that are IPv4 specific.

These moves reflect the decline of the IPv4 internet and the growing deployment of IPv6. The exhaustion of the IPv4 address pool is severely restricting growth in the IPv4 internet. In addition, it has lead to the widespread adoption of address conservation techniques such as Carrier Grade NAT (CGN) and address transfers that have a negative impact on the function and operation of the internet.

All of these factors make it imperative that organisations look to deploy IPv6. The most common mode of deploying IPv6 is dual-stack. In a dual-stack deployment, IPv6 is usually added to an existing IPv4 network. This has many advantages and often eases the deployment of IPv6 into existing network infrastructure. However, dual-stack networks have some significant disadvantages. Deploying two protocols in a network more than doubles the complexity, increasing the resources required to operate, administer and secure the network. An alternative approach is to deploy an IPv6-only network. In an IPv6-only network, there is only one protocol (IPv6) to support, administer and secure. Furthermore, an IPv6-only network has none of the disadvantages of an IPv4 network, such as limited address space, NAT and CGN.

Support for legacy IPv4 services can still be provided in an IPv6-only network through the use of transition techniques such as NAT64/DNS64, NAT46, SIIT-DC, DS-Lite and 464XLAT.

So, now is the time to deploy IPv6 and to plan for a migration to an IPv6-only network. At Erion we have worked with many organisations to develop their IPv6 deployment strategies and to help them deploy IPv6-only networks today.

Erion has over eighteen years experience of providing IPv6 consultancy and IPv6 training services. We have extensive experience of helping a wide range of types of organisations plan for and deploy IPv6. Please contact us for further details.


If you are preparing to deploy and secure your network for IPv6 then this IPv6 training is for you. Erion brings you the best in IPv6 training. We have extensive experience with IPv6 having provided IPv6 training and consultancy services for over 18 years, longer than any other independent IPv6 training provider. Also, we are proud to have the world’s largest and most IPv6 training portfolio covering all aspects of IPv6 on all major platforms.

The course that you can attend in November, is one of our most popular IPv6 training courses. The course, Implementing and Securing IPv6, is a comprehensive technical course that is ideal for all technologists interested in learning how to both deploy and secure IPv6. It provides all that you need to understand the issues surrounding IPv6 deployment and security and includes comprehensive practical hands-on labs to allow you to gain experience with real-world scenarios.

This training is becoming increasingly relevant in 2016 with the announcements by all of the UK’s major ISPs that they will be turning on IPv6 for their customers this year. Now that over 50% of the world’s major content providers are IPv6 enabled and almost 100% of Internet transit providers are IPv6 enabled, end-users with both IPv6 and IPv4 find that over 70% of their traffic is over IPv6 rather than IPv4.

Deploying IPv6 not only future proofs your network but it also brings with it the opportunity for performance, functionality and operational improvements. For example, Facebook found that end users using IPv6 experience a 15% performance improvement over end users using IPv4. Also, in the long term, IPv6 is the only protocol suitable as a basis for the Internet of Things (IoT).

Furthermore, we already reaching the point where organisations are not only considering moving to IPv6-only networks but have already deployed such networks.

IPv6 is very different from IPv4. The common belief that IPv6 is IPv4 with longer addresses is wrong. IPv6 is made up of many new features and functions which are often widely and subtly different from those in IPv4. Even IPv6 addresses are significantly different from IPv4 addresses, not just in size, but in how they are structured, their types, their attributes, how many their are and how they are used. It is crucially important when deploying and securing IPv6 to move away from legacy IPv4 thinking and fully appreciate the differences from IPv4.

Erion is the world’s leading IPv6 training company. With over 18 years experience of providing IPv6 training and IPv6 consultancy services, Erion has the world’s most comprehensive portfolio of IPv6 training courses. Erion’s courses cover all aspects of IPv6 on all major operating systems and platforms.

All Erion’s IPv6 training courses are Gold certified by the IPv6 Forum. Our IPv6 security courses are also IPv6 Security certified from the IPv6 Forum.

This course will take place in our Edinburgh, UK venue which is situated in the city centre near to the world famous Edinburgh castle. There are many excellent facilities and hotels within walking distance. Edinburgh is easily reached via Edinburgh airport and by the UK rail and road network.

The training fee includes, access to excellent facilities and the provision of a complimentary breakfast, sit-down lunch and unlimited tea, coffee, biscuits and fruit throughout the day.

This course will be delivered by Erion’s chief consultant Dr David Holder.

Course Details

Course: Implementing and Securing IPv6
Duration: 5 days
Location: Edinburgh, UK
Dates: 7th to 11th November, 2016
Exercise platforms: Linux (default), Cisco IOS, Windows
Delegate Fee: £2,195.00 (GBP) + VAT if applicable

Please contact us for further details.


In February 2016, we will be running one of our most popular IPv6 training courses in London UK. The course, Implementing and Securing IPv6 is a comprehensive technical course that is ideal for all technologists interested in learning how to deploy and secure IPv6.

The recent announcements by all of the UK’s major ISPs that they will be turning on IPv6 for their customers in 2016, make next year the perfect time to enable IPv6. Now that over 50% of the world’s major content providers are IPv6 enabled and almost 100% of Internet transit providers are IPv6 enabled, end-users with both IPv6 and IPv4 find that over 70% of their traffic is over IPv6 rather than IPv4.

Deploying IPv6 not only future proofs your network but it also brings with it the opportunity for performance, functionality and operational improvements. For example, Facebook found that end users using IPv6 experience a 15% performance improvement over end users using IPv4. Also, in the long term, IPv6 is the only protocol suitable as a basis for the Internet of Things (IoT).

Erion is the world’s leading IPv6 training company. With over 17 years experience of providing IPv6 training and IPv6 consultancy services, Erion has the world’s most comprehensive portfolio of IPv6 training courses. Erion’s courses cover all aspects of IPv6 on all major operating systems and platforms.

This course will be delivered by Erion’s chief consultant Dr David Holder.

Course Details

Course: Implementing and Securing IPv6
Duration: 5 days
Location: London, UK
Dates: 22nd to 26th February, 2016
Exercise platforms: Linux (default), Cisco IOS, Windows
Delegate Fee: £2,195.00 (GBP) + VAT if applicable

Please contact us for further details.


Last week Erion’s David Holder spoke at the immensely successful (and oversubscribed) IoT Scotland 2015 event in Edinburgh. His presentation covered the crucial, but often underrated, topic of IoT integration and standardisation. Interestingly many of the other speakers at this year’s event alluded to IoT standards demonstrating the increasing awareness of how important IoT standardisation is.

This following is a brief summary of the presentation, which can be found here.

IoT: Integration and Standardisation

Making your way through the “Fog”

There are a bewildering array of standards and even standards bodies relating to the Internet of Things (IoT). Choosing between the many competing standards requires a detailed knowledge of their characteristics, benefits and pitfalls. For those seeking to deploy IoT this is a daunting task.

Despite the difficulties, choosing appropriate standards is extremely important. Standards bring many benefits; interoperability, compatibility, functionality, flexibility, longevity, ease-of-use, maintainability and manageability. All of these factors have a direct or indirect impact on the bottom line. For example, IoT devices are often built into infrastructure that may have lifetimes stretching into years and decades. It is highly desirable that the standards will last over the same period and is particularly desirable that the risk of having to replace IoT infrastructure prematurely due to choosing a legacy standard is mitigated by choosing IoT standards with a long shelf life. Standards do not just affect capital costs. Choosing common, well-known and widely supported standards has an impact on your support staff’s ability to maintain and manage your IoT infrastructure on an ongoing basis.

Unfortunately, the huge number of standards and ironically the large number of standards bodies makes selecting the best for your IoT deployment extremely difficult.

The ideal set of standards would allow every device to talk to every other device directly (Device to Device communication), and allow each device to access and be accessed from the global Internet. In a perfect IoT world, there would be no need for intermediate systems to allow devices to talk to each other or to communicate with the Internet. A single standard would work across all networks and provide a unified platform for the widest range of IoT solutions.

Today’s reality is very different from the ideal.  Current IoT systems are “Vertical Silos” with islands of devices using one standard or one vendor’s product that cannot communicate directly with each other or the Internet. These vertical silos often tie IoT solutions to a single type of network. For example, they may work on IEEE 802.15.4 (a common IoT radio standard) but they do not work over Bluetooth, WiFi or other radio technologies. Worse, if you need to integrate devices across different networks, standards or vendors then you are force to deploy “Upperware”, additional systems that provide a high-level way of bridging between the islands of IoT and the Internet.

Naturally, this is undesirable. Ideally, your IoT standards would allow all devices to talk to each other regardless of the network they are on and would allow them to communicate with the Internet. You would also like your IoT standards to fulfil all the other benefits of standards such as longevity and manageability. One set of standards that meets this description is the set of standards that underpins the global Internet. These protocol standards include the Internet Protocol (IP). IP is familiar to network managers, systems administrators and application developers alike. It is likely to be around for a very long time, just as the current Internet has been in existence for many decades already. It is specifically designed to work across many different network types and IP makes possible direct communication between all devices and the Internet.

The bad news is that the legacy version of the Internet Protocol (IPv4) that is in current use on many networks today is not suitable for IoT. The main reason for this is that IPv4 has run out of addresses. It has none available for current requirements never mind the tens of billions and maybe even trillions of IoT devices. Worse, the IPv4 Internet has only been kept going through the increased use of address sharing using techniques such as Network Address Translation (NAT) and Carrier Grade NAT (CGN). These techniques break exactly the functionality that we wish to use with the IoT. Specifically, NAT and CGN break the end-to-end connectivity that allows devices to talk directly to each other and the Internet. For these reasons, and others, IPv4 is not a solution, even though it has the characteristics that we need from a ubiquitous IoT standard.

Thankfully there is a long-term solution to the limitations of IPv4, that is the next version of the Internet Protocol; IPv6. IPv6 has a practically limitless number of addresses, it has no NAT or CGN to impeded connectivity, it performs better, works over all radio and network technologies, is well understood due to its widespread deployment and is expected to have a very very long life.

In addition, there is version of IPv6 that is specifically design for IoT devices. It is called 6LowPAN. 6LowPAN is an IPv6 standard for Low power and lossy networks (LLNs). 6LowPAN ticks all the boxes for an ideal IoT network standard. It works across many different radio and networking technologies providing a common protocol for IoT devices. It allows direct communication between devices and with the Internet. It uses technologies that are familiar to network managers, systems administrators and software developers and it is specifically designed to work in IoT networks.

Today IPv6 is widely implemented and available on the global internet. Nearly 100% of the Internet backbone supports IPv6. Over 50% of the major content providers in the world are IPv6 enabled. In many parts of the world, IPv6 is a standard feature of consumer and business broadband services. In the UK, broadband ISPs are eventually beginning to roll out IPv6. This is removing the final hurdle for the widespread use of IPv6 in the UK. Interestingly, when an end user has both IPv4 and IPv6 they find today that on average over 70% of their traffic is over IPv6. Better still, they benefit from the lower latency and the removal of IPv4 impedances such as NAT and CGN.

So where does this leave IoT standards? There are still a huge number of contenders, including large players such as Zigbee. Despite this, we are seeing a steady and increasing move to the use of 6LowPAN. A number of key products and technologies have adopted 6LowPAN. For example, Google’s Nest is based on a 6LowPAN solution called Thread. In addition, even Zigbee one of the largest pre-6LowPAN IoT players has announced Zigbee-IP that is 6LowPAN based. So overall, we are seeing an industry that is gradually showing a move to 6LowPAN or IPv6 based solutions. The enormous size of existing IoT deployments and investments means that it is likely to be some time before 6LowPAN becomes the clear winner, however we can be pretty confident be so eventually.

The implications are clear, whatever other constraints you may have on your choice of IoT technologies, and there are many, it is clear that you should ensure that you are prepared for IPv6 and 6LowPAN to play a significant role. Even if you have been forced to invest in other technologies because a 6LowPAN solution was not available, you should expect that in the long term you will need to deploy 6LowPAN as well or even migrate your current deployment to 6LowPAN.